There are 2,054 folk festivals in the world called OKTOBERFEST. The oldest, largest and most famous is, of course, the Oktoberfest in Munich. So it is understandable that the city wanted to trade-mark the name of its own festival within the European Union. However, many other organisers have seen this as a threat to the identical names of their own festivals, leading them to fight the registration of the trade mark for Munich. Have they been successful?
A cultural institution may try to position its unique structure as a cultural brand within the framework of cultural marketing. Strong cultural brands attract a lot of attention and engender particularly positive images. Customers, business partners and sponsors can form a quick connection with such brands and images. Is it possible to harness the power of cultural brands for the benefit of a variety of businesses?